Programming Languages

For those who are less than tech savvy, it often seems as though IT professionals speak another language. Well, this is actually true to some extent! When it comes to website development in particular, a wide variety of programming languages are used to build websites – and these are very hard to understand for those with little development experience. While you don’t need to understand these coding languages themselves, it’s useful to learn the lingo surrounding web development – as this in itself is another language!

What is programming language?

Programming languages are used to communicate information to a machine – and in the case of web development, that ‘machine’ is a computer. Often referred to as coding, programming languages are used to ‘build’ a website from the ground up. Once the web designers have completed their work, developers step in to bring the designs to life. This includes the front-end components of a site (how it looks in a web browser), as well as the back-end components (how the website actually works). Programming language is very important, as it basically stipulates how a website looks and functions.
Back-end and front-end programming

From a web development perspective, there are two different sorts of programming.

Firstly, there is front-end programming. This website layout in Docklands focuses on how the website looks to site visitors. This type of coding executes in the web browser, basically effecting how a website displays. Think of it as a way of bring website design to life.

There is also back-end programming. This form of coding executes on a web server, and basically stipulates how a site runs. In short, it’s the invisible part of the programming.

What are the most popular programming languages?

There are many different programming languages out there, and some are better know and more widely used than others. Some examples of programming languages are:

•    Java can be used to produce programs that are able to run on virtually any computer system – which is why this language is so incredibly popular.
•    JavaScript is object-orientated, and often used to create interactive effects within a web browser.
•    C is a structured, procedural programming language. Being relatively small, it requires less memory than some of the other languages – hence why it’s proved popular with PC programmers.
•    Python is a high level, general-purpose programming language.
•    CSS is short for Cascading Style Sheets. It’s a style sheet language that’s used to describe the look and format of a document written in a mark-up language.
•    PHP is general-purpose scripting language that’s particularly suited to website development. It can be embedded into HTML.
•    HTML is short for Hypertext Mark-up Language, and it’s a standardised system used for tagging text files – it allows the developer to stipulate font, colours, graphics and hyperlinks on a website.

Learn a new language

Even if you’re never going to develop your own website, it can be useful to understand the basics. While you may not need to know how to implement code as such, it’s important to at least understand what the different terms mean – at the end of the day, it’ll make it much easier for you to communicate with expert of website development in Melbourne!

Ana Camacho